Skin exfoliation treatments can be classified into two major types: chemical and mechanical exfoliation.
Examples of chemical exfoliation are glycolic peels and salicylic acid peels.
Physical exfoliation includes over the counter microbead scrubs, laser dermabrasions, and microdermabrasions.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive procedure for mechanical skin exfoliation. It is one of the most popular procedures used for skin resurfacing and rejuvenation.
Microdermabrasion can vary in depth and skin penetration.
The principle behind in exfoliation treatments is wound healing. By creating microscopic wounds in the skin, cell renewal is stimulated. This results in regeneration of new collagen and elastin. Skin hydration is also improved as is the dermal function. All of this results in a healthier epidermis and dermis.
Studies have shown that repeated sessions of microdermabrasion results in more supple and younger looking skin.
Microdermabrasion is also used to treat photodamaged skin. There is reliable improvement in skin texture, refinement of pores, and hyperpigmentation.
Regular treatments also improve fine lines and acne scarring (superficial).
Certain microdermabrasion tools have also shown great improvements for certain skin ailments like comedonal acne and rosacea.
Microdermabrasion includes non-ablative and ablative laser resurfacing. This means utilizing a dull scalpel on the skin.
The procedure has no downtime so to speak, in comparison with chemical peelings. They have no visible skin peeling or flaking.
Dermal infusions of topic products like vitamin C and collagen are done after the treatment. This takes advantage of the healing time that begins right after to distribute medications. This enhances absorption to the skin and expedite efficacy.
Microdermabrasion is one of the most common cosmetic procedures in the US. According to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, almost half a million procedures are done annually.